The US Department of Interior has published the final 2024–2029 National Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Leasing Program, where it phases down oil and gas leasing in the Gulf of Mexico and includes zero oil and gas lease sales in the Atlantic, Pacific and Alaskan waters.
The plan determines that the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) should schedule three oil and gas lease sales in the Gulf of Mexico in 2025, 2027 and 2029 to allow the lease for offshore wind development since it depends on the offering of at least 60 million acres for oil and gas leasing on the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) according to the US Inflation Reduction Act (IRA). This provides for the minimum number of leases needed to progress on the USA’s target to reach 30 GW of offshore wind capacity by 2030.
The United States currently has no large scale offshore wind project currently operational (42 MW of offshore wind capacity at the end of 2022). The government aims to add 30 GW of offshore wind capacity by 2030.